In recent years, the EU has implemented strict protection measures for textiles, and has put forward increasingly strict ecological requirements and social responsibility issues. The successive regulations including the ban on dyes and other chemicals have formed a unified action of all members of the European Union. The EU is one of the major markets for textile exports in Zhejiang Province. To this end, it is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of the EU's information on eco-textile regulations and technical standards.
1. EU 67/648EC Directive
The European Union issued the 67/648EC Directive in 1997, a European Union ban on the use of azo dyes that cleave and release certain carcinogenic aromatic amines in textiles and leather products. Unlike the German government regulations at the time, anthranil and aminoazobenzene were added to a total of 22 carcinogenic aromatic amines.
2. EU Directive 2001/C96E/18
The European Union issued the 2001/C96E/18 Directive on March 27, 2001, which further specifies the textiles that are included in the control. The directive also specifies three test methods for banned dyes, and the detection of carcinogenic aromatic amines must not exceed 30 mg/kg. The three detection methods are: 35LMBGB82.02-2-1998 (textile daily necessities), B82.02-3-1997 (leather), B82.02-4-1998 (polyester). Only 21 of the carcinogenic aromatic amines listed in the Directive were subtracted from p-aminoazobenzene.
3. EU Directive 2002/61/EC
The European Union issued the 2002/61/EC Directive on July 19, 2002, re-adding amino-azobenzene to carcinogenic aromatic amines and evaluating its test methods, reaffirming that the maximum limit for carcinogenic aromatic amines is 30 mg/kg. And the ban of azo dyes was implemented in all member states on September 11, 2003.
4. EU Directive 2003/3/EC
The European Union issued the Directive 2003/3/EC on January 6, 2003, reaffirming the Decree 67/648/EC and 2001/C96E/18, and banned a blue colorant for textiles and leather products. The agent is a mixture of two acid metal complex dyes, which are divided into: 611-070-00-2 and EC.NO. 405-665-4; the former is CAS.NO118685-33-0.
The EU's decree on the ban of dyes due to carcinogenic aromatic amines lags behind German government regulations and the Oeko-Tex standard 100 standard. According to the current situation, the total ban of suspected dyes has been fully developed in the international textile trade. Therefore, the ban of azo dyes containing carcinogenic aromatic amines has become a global action.
5. Ecolabel of the European Union Eco-Label
The EU's ecolabel was established by the European Union Law Enforcement Commission under Decree 880/92. Applying for this label is purely voluntary, and the company hopes to raise the public's awareness of environmental protection to cultivate its own market, and some to increase the visibility of its products.
The earliest textile standard, Eco-Label, was established in accordance with the European Commission's 1999/178/EC Decree of February 17, 1992. On May 15, 2002, the EU issued a new standard for determining textile ecological standards. It is divided into three main categories: textile fiber standards, textile processing and chemical standards, and applicability of standards of use. The new standard sets clear new regulations for textile chemicals that are banned and restricted, namely textile dyes and textile auxiliaries. The ban on use and restrictions on the use of the surface is wider than the old standard, and the requirements are more than the Oeko-Tex standard1 100 standard. strict.
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